Machiavelli's view of human nature directly influences his theory of proper governance, which is often summarized as the end justifies the means a leader should do whatever it takes to stay in. Socrates seems to have thought these other goods are truly good, but they only do people good, and thereby contribute to their happiness, under the condition that they are chosen and used in accordance with virtues indwelling in their souls (see plato, apology 30b, euthydemus 280d-282d, meno 87d-89a. More essay examples on philosophy rubric thesis statement the philosophy of socrates and machiavelli based on the books, “the republic” and “the prince”, had significantly possessed arguments that were considered part of the political thought during the 18th to 19th century. Western philosophy - renaissance philosophy: the philosophy of a period arises as a response to social need, and the development of philosophy in the history of western civilization since the renaissance has, thus, reflected the process in which creative philosophers have responded to the unique challenges of each stage in the development of western culture itself.
Five characteristics of platos philosopher king then parallel it to the concept of individual justice before he can prove that justice is a good thing, plato must first state its definition, by showing justice in its perfect form in order to discover the true essence of it therefore, socrates claims that the only way to have a perfect state is if the state has a perfect leader, thus he. A beginner’s guide to the philosophy of plato michael s russo plato’s dialogues are not just great works of philosophy they are also recognized as whose aim was to make people recognize that many of their beliefs are baseless the socrates of these early dialogues claims to be ignorant of everything. In particular, machiavelli employs the concept of virtù to refer to the range of personal qualities that the prince will find it necessary to acquire in order to “maintain his state” and to “achieve great things,” the two standard markers of power for him.
Phil 251: intro to philosophy (daniel) test questions social-political philosophy and aesthetics answers at end true/false: a = true b = false 1 the primary task of social or political philosophy is to describe different social or political systems, not to determine which of those systems are more justified or desirable. Socrates viewed by many as the founding figure of western philosophy, socrates (469-399 bc) is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the greek philosophers. Among the precepts espoused by machiavelli: leaders should always mask their true intentions, avoid inconsistency, and frequently “act against mercy, against faith, against humanity, against frankness, against religion, in order to preserve the state.
After socrates's death, plato traveled for 12 years throughout the mediterranean region, studying mathematics with the pythagoreans in italy, and geometry, geology, astronomy and religion in egypt. So one social good that religion seems to have on society is that it encourages people to help those in need most people would see this as a positive influence most organized religions promote and teach that giving to the poor is a critical and important application of faith to life. Machiavelli believes the state exists to make war, and a good ruler exists for only one purpose to make war, this is his only concern machiavelli are writing in two different eras in plato's era, man based philosophy on utopian ideals and principles.
The beliefs of socrates and machiavelli on what great qualities a good leader need to shape the societies (894 words, 3 pages) different people have varying opinions and philosophies about the form of leadership that needs to be adopted and followed by the people. Thales: all is water, all is one (1st milesian ~ 585 bc) greek philosophy seems to begin with a preposterous fancy, with the proposition that water is the origin and mother-womb of all things. The power of the lion and the cleverness of the fox: these are the qualities a leader must harness to preserve the republic for such a leader, allies are friends when it is in their interest to be.
The most important thinker of modern politics is the most directly responsible for thomas jefferson’s rhetoric in the declaration of independence, and the rhetoric in the u s constitution. The greek word for philosophy (philosophia) translates to the “love for wisdom” in english the discipline dates back to ancient times with some of the greatest philosophers being socrates, plato, and aristotle. Dante and machiavelli were both writers who felt that society and leaders were greatly mislead in their approach of operating the state yet even they had very contrasting beliefs in their view of what was ideal for a society to function properly. (iv) the way of man, focusing on the modern world, where rationalism replaces the older role of mythology, and philosophy replaces theology, and art and culture are individually expressed, rather than products of society as a whole.
He was perhaps the first great thought leader greek philosopher aristotle had much to say about ethics, logic, politics and science while only a small portion of his writings have survived the. Confucianism looks to the “rites” and the past as models for present behavior as a lot can be learned from the past in order to shape the people of the present, whether they enforce the good characteristics of the people from the past or learn from the evil doings of past governance. The pre-socratic philosophers were all those ancient greek philosophers who agreed with the philosophy of socrates false plato disliked the poets and the artists metaphysics is the area of philosophy that deals with good and bad action false primary qualities were the properties that were in the objects themselves like shape. Because of this inquiring legacy, today we have the tools to discuss any topic without prejudice: individual and communal ownership of land, democratic and spiritual leadership, war and peace, religion and atheism, the conscience and the state, patriotism and propaganda, and other sacred cows of society.